When air pollution is mentioned, most people tend to think that it is something that occurs only outside. But that is not true because there is pollution even inside the house. In fact, the air inside the house may be under more pollution compared to the air outside. The major pollutants of indoor air include dust, fire retardants, and formaldehyde, radon, smoke as well as volatile chemicals from fragrances that are used in conventional cleaners. Young children as well as asthmatic people may have sensitivity to these pollutants. Repeated exposure to these pollutants may have adverse effects on their health years later.
To improve the quality of air inside your house, you will need to make sure that the ducts of your heating and cooling system are cleaned regularly. Even though the heating system keeps your home comfortable, it also drops dust particles along the duct walls. It is therefore important to have the ducts professionally cleaned at least once every year. Doing maintenance on your heating system is not only going to make ventilation and air circulation more efficient, but it will also help reduce the level of animal dander, dust and other allergens. It will also get rid of nitrogen dioxide as well as carbon monoxide gases.
Another thing you will need to do in order to improve the quality of air inside your house is to choose the right filter for your heating and cooling system. Filters that have an energy efficiency rating of 1 to 4 will be the best since they collect particles over a large surface area. They will help you get rid of larger airborne particles in your house such as pollen, cockroach allergens, dust as well as pet dander. You will have to change them monthly for them to work effectively. If someone in your home has severe allergies, high efficiency filters that have an efficiency rating of 14 to 16 will be the best.
For tougher allergen problems, an indoor air cleaner will be the best to use. Such allergens are usually hard to control with the ordinary heating and cooling filters. For homes where heating and cooling systems have not been installed, portable air cleaners can be used. The units utilize either ultra violet radiation for destroying bacteria and viruses while some of them produce ozone that makes the pollutants harmless. If your HVAC unit has been in operation for quite long and you suspect that it might be causing pollution in your house, upgrading it by adding cleaning services in its ductwork as well as more efficient filters may be another way of controlling pollution.
When you are in the house, you should make sure that the windows are opened so that your home can breathe. This will lower the humidity levels indoors and get rid of stale smell. In wet and enclosed areas of your home, use spot ventilation systems. When using the bathroom or laundry areas, use standalone fans to keep them dry.